In 2020, the total government budget allocations for R&D (GBARD) across the EU stood at €100 786 million, equivalent to 0.8% of GDP. This information comes from data on government budget allocations for R&D published by Eurostat today.
In 2020, government budget allocations for R&D at an EU level stood at €225 per person, a 22% increase compared with 2010 (€184 per person). The highest allocations were recorded in Luxembourg (€648 per person), followed at a distance by Denmark (€519) and Germany (€443).
On the other hand, EU countries with the lowest R&D budget allocations per person were Romania (€15 per person), Bulgaria (€21), Hungary (€39) and Latvia (€42).
Over the last decade, the largest percentage increases in government budget allocations for R&D at € per person were recorded in Latvia (from €14 in 2010 to €42 in 2020), Greece (from €62 to €148) and Estonia (from €77 to €141).
In contrast, these allocations decreased in Portugal (from €92 in 2010 to €71 in 2020), Spain (from €179 to €144), Romania (from €17 to €15), France (from €253 to €235), Ireland (from €181 to €175) and Finland (from €387 to €373).